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The General Office of the State Council released the development plan for the new energy automobile industry

The General Office of the State Council released the development plan for the new energy automobile industry

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  • Time of issue:2020-11-05
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The General Office of the State Council released the development plan for the new energy automobile industry

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New Energy Automobile Industry Development Plan (2021-2035)

 

The development of new energy vehicles is the only way for my country to move from a major automobile country to a powerful automobile country. It is a strategic measure to deal with climate change and promote green development. Since the State Council issued the "Energy-saving and New Energy Automobile Industry Development Plan (2012-2020)" in 2012, my country has adhered to the strategic orientation of pure electric drive, and the development of the new energy automobile industry has made great achievements, becoming one of the important forces in the development and transformation of the world's automobile industry. One. At the same time, the development of my country's new energy vehicles is also facing problems such as weak core technology innovation capabilities, quality assurance systems to be improved, infrastructure construction still lagging behind, industrial ecology is not yet sound, and market competition is increasing. In order to promote the high-quality development of the new energy automobile industry and accelerate the construction of a powerful automobile country, this plan is formulated.

 

Chapter One   Development Trend

 

Section 1   New energy vehicles inject new momentum into the world economic development

 

At present, a new round of global technological revolution and industrial transformation are vigorously developing, and related technologies in the fields of automobile and energy, transportation, information and communication are accelerating integration, electrification, networking, and intelligence have become the development trend and trend of the automobile industry. New energy vehicles integrate a variety of transformative technologies such as new energy, new materials and the Internet, big data, and artificial intelligence to promote the transformation of vehicles from simple transportation to mobile smart terminals, energy storage units and digital spaces, and drive energy, transportation, and information The transformation and upgrading of communication infrastructure to promote the optimization of energy consumption structure and the improvement of the intelligent level of transportation system and urban operation is of great significance to building a clean and beautiful world and building a community of shared future for mankind. In recent years, major automobile countries in the world have stepped up strategic planning and policy support. Multinational automobile companies have increased R&D investment and improved industrial layout. New energy vehicles have become the main direction for the transformation and development of the global automobile industry and an important engine for the continuous growth of the world economy. .

 

Section 2   my country's new energy vehicles have entered a new stage of accelerated development

 

 The automobile product form, transportation mode, energy consumption structure and social operation mode are undergoing profound changes, providing unprecedented development opportunities for the new energy automobile industry. After years of continuous efforts, my country’s new energy automobile industry has significantly improved its technological level, its industrial system has become increasingly complete, and its corporate competitiveness has increased significantly. Since 2015, its production, sales, and holdings have ranked first in the world for five consecutive years, and the industry has entered a new stage of superposition, convergence, and integration. . It is necessary to seize strategic opportunities, consolidate the good momentum, give full play to the advantages in infrastructure, information and communication and other fields, continuously improve the core competitiveness of the industry, and promote the high-quality and sustainable development of the new energy automobile industry.

 

Section 3  Integration and opening have become a new feature of the development of new energy vehicles

 

With the overall transformation of automobile power sources, production and operation methods, and consumption and use patterns, the new energy automobile industry ecology is gradually evolving from the "chain relationship" between parts, vehicle R&D, production, and marketing service companies to automobiles, energy, A "net-like ecology" involving multiple actors in multiple fields, such as transportation and information communications. Mutual empowerment and coordinated development have become the inherent needs for the development and growth of various market entities. Cross-industry, cross-field integration and innovation and more open and inclusive international cooperation have become the characteristics of the era of the development of the new energy automobile industry, which greatly enhances the industrial development momentum and stimulates In order to promote market vitality and promote the formation of a new pattern of industrial development featuring mutual integration, symbiosis and win-win cooperation.

 

Chapter Two: Overall Deployment

 

The first section   general idea

 

 Guided by Xi Jinping’s thoughts on socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era, adhere to the development concepts of innovation, coordination, green, openness, and sharing, take the deepening of supply-side structural reforms as the main line, and adhere to the development direction of electrification, interconnection, and intelligence. Implementing the national strategy for the development of new energy vehicles, focusing on integration and innovation, breaking through key core technologies, enhancing basic industrial capabilities, building a new industrial ecology, improving infrastructure systems, optimizing the industrial development environment, and promoting the high-quality and sustainable development of China's new energy automotive industry , To accelerate the construction of a powerful automobile country.

 

Section 2   Basic Principles

 

 

Market-led. Give full play to the decisive role of the market in resource allocation, strengthen the company’s dominant position in technology route selection, production and service system construction, etc.; give better play to the government’s strategic planning guidance, standard and regulatory development, quality and safety supervision, market order maintenance, and green Consumption guidance and other aspects have created a good environment for industrial development.

Innovation driven. Deeply implement the innovation-driven development strategy, establish an enterprise-based, market-oriented, and industry-university-research-application-based technological innovation system, improve the institutional environment that encourages and protect innovation, encourage the parallel development of multiple technological routes, and support various entities to work together to overcome the key Core technologies, increase business model innovation, and form a new industrial innovation ecosystem.

Coordinated advancement. Improve the coordination and promotion mechanism of horizontal coordination and vertical connection, promote the deep integration of new energy vehicles with energy, transportation, and information and communication, and coordinate the promotion of technology research and development, standard formulation, popularization and application and infrastructure construction, and transform the super-large-scale market advantage into industrial advantage.

Open development. Practicing the cooperation concept of openness, integration, mutual benefit and win-win, expand high-level opening to the outside world, and promote reform, development and innovation through openness; adhere to the combination of "bringing in" and "going out", strengthening international cooperation, and actively participating in international competition , To cultivate new advantages in the new energy automobile industry, and deeply integrate into the global industrial chain and value chain system.

 

Section 3   Development Vision

 

By 2025, the competitiveness of my country's new energy vehicle market will be significantly enhanced, with major breakthroughs in key technologies such as power batteries, drive motors, and vehicle operating systems, and an overall improvement in safety. The average power consumption of new pure electric passenger vehicles has dropped to 12.0 kWh/100 kilometers, the sales of new energy vehicles and new vehicles have reached about 20% of the total sales of new vehicles, and highly autonomous vehicles have achieved commercial applications in restricted areas and specific scenarios. The convenience of battery exchange service has been significantly improved.

After 15 years of continuous efforts, my country's new energy vehicle core technology will reach the international advanced level, and the quality brand will have strong international competitiveness. Pure electric vehicles have become the mainstream of new sales vehicles, public vehicles are fully electrified, fuel cell vehicles have been commercialized, highly autonomous vehicles have been applied on a large scale, the charging service network is convenient and efficient, and the hydrogen fuel supply system has been steadily progressing. , Effectively promote the improvement of energy saving and emission reduction level and social operation efficiency.

 

Chapter Three   Improving technological innovation capabilities

 

The first section   deepen the "three vertical and three horizontal" R & D layout

 

 

Strengthen the innovation of vehicle integration technology. With pure electric vehicles, plug-in hybrid (including extended range) vehicles, and fuel cell vehicles as the “three verticals”, the whole vehicle technology innovation chain is laid out. Research and develop a new generation of modular high-performance vehicle platform, research on the integration of pure electric vehicle chassis design and multi-energy power system integration technology, break through common energy-saving technologies such as intelligent energy management control, lightweight, and low friction of the entire vehicle, and improve battery management, Safety technology levels such as charging connection and structural design will improve the overall performance of new energy vehicles.

Improve the basic capabilities of the industry. Take power battery and management system, drive motor and power electronics, network connection and intelligent technology as the "three horizontals" to build a key component technology supply system. Carry out advanced modular power battery and fuel cell system technology research, explore new generation vehicle motor drive system solutions, strengthen the development of key components and systems for intelligent networked vehicles, and make breakthroughs in computing and control basic platform technology, and hydrogen fuel cell vehicle application support Technology and other bottlenecks, and improve the research and development capabilities of basic key technologies, advanced basic processes, basic core components, and key basic materials.

 

 

Box 1   New energy vehicle core technology research project

Implement battery technology breakthrough actions. Carry out research on key core technologies such as positive and negative electrode materials, electrolytes, diaphragms, and membrane electrodes, and strengthen the technical breakthroughs of high-strength, lightweight, high-safety, low-cost, and long-life power batteries and fuel cell systems, and accelerate solid-state power batteries Technology research and development and industrialization.
Implement the intelligent network technology innovation project. Taking new energy vehicles as the carrier of the first application of intelligent network technology, supporting enterprise cross-border collaboration, researching and developing key technologies such as complex environment fusion perception, intelligent network connection decision-making and control, cyber-physical system architecture design, etc., making breakthroughs in the on-board intelligent computing platform and high precision Core technologies and products such as map and positioning, wireless communication (V2X) between the vehicle and other equipment outside the vehicle, and wire control execution system.
Implement new energy vehicle basic technology upgrade projects. Break through key technologies and products such as automotive-grade chips, automotive operating systems, new electronic and electrical architectures, and high-efficiency high-density drive motor systems, and overcome hydrogen fuel cell vehicle application support technologies such as hydrogen energy storage and transportation, hydrogen refueling stations, and on-board hydrogen storage. Support the R&D and innovation of basic common technologies such as basic components, key production equipment, high-end test instruments, development tools, and high-performance automatic testing equipment, and tackle key problems in the intelligent manufacturing of new energy vehicles, including massive heterogeneous data organization and analysis, and integrated control of reconfigurable flexible manufacturing systems, etc. Key technologies include the industrial application of key materials such as high-performance aluminum-magnesium alloys, fiber-reinforced composite materials, and low-cost rare earth permanent magnet materials.

 

Section 2   Accelerate the construction of a common technology innovation platform

 

Establish and improve the joint research and development mechanism of leading enterprises, national key laboratories, and national manufacturing innovation centers, focus on shortcomings in core processes, special materials, key parts, and manufacturing equipment, actively explore different technical paths, and increase the supply of key common technologies ability. Guide cross-field cooperation in automobiles, energy, transportation, information and communications, establish a future-oriented new energy vehicle, smart energy, and intelligent transportation integration innovation platform, jointly research key basic and cross-key technologies, and enhance the integration and innovation capabilities of new energy vehicles and related industries.

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